Top 10 Things You Need to Know About the Conflict in Central African Republic
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Top 10 Things You Need to Know About the Conflict in Central African Republic

    • Central African Republic (CAR) gained independence from French rule in 1960. After decades of neglect, mostly by military governments, civilian rule was established in 1993, but after only a decade a military coup destabilized the country again.

 

    • The current conflict began in December, 2012, when predominantly Muslim Seleka rebels accused then-president François Bozizé of failing to uphold peace agreements signed in 2007 and 2011.

 

    • The Seleka are a coalition of rebel groups that get their name from the Sango word for “union.”

 

    • Anti-Balaka means “anti-machete,” or “anti-sword,” and refers to a coalition of Christian militias.

 

    • Muslims comprise only 15 percent of the population but are heavily involved in the business sector of the Central African Republic economy.

 

    • The current anti-Muslim violence began as reprisal for looting and raiding by Seleka forces when they took control of the government in March, 2013.

 

    • In January, 2014, the Seleka-affiliated President Djotodia resigned and was replaced by Catherine Samba-Panza, who is not affiliated with either Seleka or Anti-Balaka, but the interreligious fighting has intensified.

 

    • More than 900,000 people have been displaced by the fighting in CAR.

 

    • At the end of February, 2014, the United Nations requested an additional 3,000 troops to join 8,000 international peacekeepers already in Central African Republic.

 

  • Zakat Foundation of America (ZF) is following the refugee situation closely and is ready to help whenever and wherever staff can safely deliver aid.

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