It is already being considered the world’s next crisis, one that could possibly exceed the Syrian conflict in its severity....
Zakat Foundation in Somalia
Following independence from Great Britain in 1960, the former colony of Somaliland – now Somalia – came under the rule of a hardline military regime from 1969 until 1991. Since then political conditions inside the country have remained divided and uncertain with different groups claiming and contesting sovereignty continuously since the mid-1990s. Somalia remains without a fully functional, effective national government.
Somalia reached a total humanitarian disaster in 2011 when it was struck by severe famine after months of drought. Inability by the government to address the humanitarian disaster resulted in a mass migration of refugees into neighboring countries.
Conflict with insurgent groups in southern Somalia intensified the famine, leading to 1.4 million IDPs in 2011 alone. However, in 2012, Somalia made important strides to stabilize the country by successfully ratifying a constitution.
The newly ratified constitution has created a framework for parliamentary elections, but it remains a work in progress and the future remains uncertain.
Zakat Foundation of America has worked to improve everyday life for Somalis by installing water wells for areas affected by water scarcity or despoliation; by funding emergency medical clinics and medical treatment following the outbreak of deadly diseases like cholera; by providing emergency food aid during periods of drought and famine; and by distributing seasonal food gifts during the Ramadan and Eid holidays.
Sources: UN Stats | World Bank | Pew Research Center