In 2011, Sudan experienced major geographical changes, annexing it’s southern region to form a newly created country, Southern Sudan. Sudan faces many internal issues regarding human rights for the inhabitants of the western region, Darfur, and the southern region, South Kordofan. Approximately two million have been displaced in Darfur since 2003. Humanitarian aid is restricted in Darfur, causing severe problems for people seeking any semblance of stability. The problem is South Kordofan is similar in the case of displacement; hundreds of thousands have been internally displaced and restricted from much needed humanitarian aid.
Eastern Sudan has the highest concentration of refugees within the country. Many refugees who have been smuggled into the country have been victims of extortion, assault, and human trafficking. There are known recognized governmental policies to protect the rights of refugees. In many cases refugees are subject to arrests, deportation or refoulement.
Although rich in natural resources, Sudan is one of the least developed countries in the world. High poverty pervades the country where the lack of basic infrastructure and a reliance on subsistence agriculture help to keep much of the population living at or below the poverty line. Elevated levels of child malnutrition and youth unemployment are serious issues that must be addressed.
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